India is still a country of over one billion people, but in the last 15 years, the number of Muslims has doubled and the Hindu population has fallen from 11 million to less than 5 million.
So why does India’s largest religion still dominate its society?
The answer is religion.
The religious divide that is widening in India is not just a matter of political identity, but also of political practice, which is a complex and sensitive issue.
A new survey, conducted by a leading think tank, finds that the gap between Hindus and Muslims has become wider in the past 15 years.
In India, about 30 per cent of the population identifies as Hindu, compared to 25 per cent in 2000.
The number of Hindus has dropped by over two-thirds in the country, while Muslims have grown by a third, according to the latest census conducted in 2015.
The rise of Hindutva in the late 1980s and early 1990s has been a major factor behind the recent rise in violence against Muslims.
In 1991, India witnessed the largest number of killings of Muslims in the world.
In 2005, there were around 2,000 incidents of anti-Muslim violence in the nation.
The Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government in the 1990s was also the one that made the religion a major political issue.
In 1996, the BJP formed the first political party to support the idea of creating a Hindu nation state.
In 2006, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who had come to power in 2014, had launched the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) party to give a more inclusive face to India’s religion.
He declared that Hindus are the majority religion in the Indian society and that all other religions are part of India’s culture and heritage.
The BJP-led government in 2014 launched a campaign to create a Hindu country and sought to build a “model Hindu society”.
The BJP government, which also has the support of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) Hindu nationalist organisation, sought to promote a secular India.
It also proposed the development of “Hindutva centres” to educate people on the Hindu scriptures and Hindu values.
The NDA government also promoted the idea that Hindus have an innate right to be “the first in the land”.
In a country where religion has been seen as a defining trait for millions of people, this meant that Hindus could be given a “special status” to promote themselves.
But the concept of “the nation” also came under fire for being seen as an “un-Hindu” one.
The country’s most prominent Hindutvavak Sangha (HVS) leader, Mahatma Gandhi, who was the first leader of the Indian Communist Party (ICP), wrote in a letter to the government in 1965 that “we do not wish to have Hindus as a majority in our country.”
In the next decade, the Hindu nationalists began a campaign of violence, and by the end of the 1990.
The Hindu Nationalist Congress Party (HNCP) of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee had formed a group called Bharatiyas Missionaries Against Terrorism (BMAT), which has targeted Hindu religious sites.
In 2009, the RSS declared a nationwide state of emergency and banned the use of the word “Hindu”.
In 2012, the government declared a moratorium on conversions to Hinduism and banned Hindu proselytisation.
The government also imposed a ban on the teaching of Hindustani, a language of Indian origin that was the language of Hinduism.
The new government was faced with a choice: to either accept the “Haiti model” or create a secular “model Indian society”.
It chose the latter, and the BJP has remained the largest party in the government since 2014.
What is the Hindu model?
The Hindu model is a secular and pluralistic India that recognises all people as equal and rejects discrimination based on religion, caste, language, sexual orientation, gender, political opinion or other attributes.
It is a state of affairs where there is no caste system, there are no religious fundamentalists and no discrimination based upon religion.
The BJP-controlled government has taken steps to ensure the safety of religious minorities in the name of “secularism”.
In December 2016, the Modi government banned the HNSS, a group that has been campaigning for the removal of the Hindu identity card.
This has also meant that there is a complete ban on conversions of Hindu temples and shrines to Muslims, who are a minority.
According to the United Nations (UN), the country is home to around 1.3 billion people.
While India has the third-highest number of Christians in the whole world, the country has also witnessed an increase in conversions of Christians.
According to the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG), the number converted to Islam rose